The loss of someone you know to suicide, marks the beginning of a very difficult time full of mixed emotions. It is common to experience shock, grief, anger, relief, guilt and feelings of abandonment or isolation. Although everyone's reaction to grief is different, if you are experiencing these emotions, you might find Common experiences with suicide bereavement helpful.
During this time of emotional upheaval it is important to look after yourself. Here are some ways you can take care of yourself:
At times, particularly in the first year or so, it may feel that you'll never recover and life may seem bleak. Any relief you get from grief may feel short-lived and the pain feel never-ending. Most people find that over time, the gaps of relief lengthen and the intensity of the pain diminishes.
Sometimes people who have lost a friend or loved one to suicide might feel suicidal themselves. The pain connected to grieving might be so intense that you also consider suicide an option. If you feel like you aren't coping well with the loss and are experiencing thoughts of hurting yourself or ending your life, it is very important that you seek professional help. For more information on options for professional support, see Who can I talk to?
Significant events such as birthdays, Christmas and anniversaries can evoke intense feelings and memories. Triggers such as smells, weather conditions and objects can also stir intense feelings. It can help to be prepared for such events and have a plan in place, such as calling or arranging to be with a friend or family member, or marking the occasion in a way that has some significance for you. You may want to think in advance about some strategies that you think will be helpful to manage overwhelming feelings - such as going for a walk, talking to someone who you trust or practicing a relaxation technique.
When a death is caused by suicide, the pain of grieving is often compounded by the stigma attached to suicide. It can be difficult telling others that you have lost someone to suicide.
Survivors of suicide (the loved ones that are left behind) can feel a sense of guilt or fear that others will judge them or the deceased. Your own acceptance of the person's choice to suicide can help to mediate feelings of shame, and it can be helpful in the grieving process to speak to others who share this acceptance.
You can choose what details you disclose to others and you don't have to say more than you are comfortable with. You may decide to only share the details of your loved one's death with select people, at least in the short-term.
If you choose to tell people the circumstances, but not the details, you might decide to say something like, "He died by suicide (took his own life/killed himself). I'm not ready to talk about the details, but I'm thankful for your support."
It can be helpful to communicate to family members and friends how you feel about what information is shared and how you would prefer to have your loved one's death conveyed. This may help to prevent details you wish to keep private being talked about in a public setting.
Resuming your normal routine can help you to cope with the grief and feel a sense of normalcy in your life. Going back to the workplace following the suicide of a loved one can be daunting. It is important to take your time and return when you feel ready. Here are some ways you can prepare:
Coming to a place of acceptance of the loss and the manner in which the person died is a critical phase of the grieving process. The way your loved one died does not define the way their life was lived or who was lost to you.
Talking with others who knew the person or having a gathering in your loved one's honour can be a lovely way of remembering their life and assist with the healing. Another beautiful way of keeping your loved one's memory alive is to create a memory box or photo book that you can look at to reflect fondly on your time together. Enjoying life does not mean you have forgotten your loved one, nor they hold a lesser place in your heart - you will always remember them.